Discourses of Institutionalization of Zakat Management System in Contemporary Indonesia: Effect of the Revitalization of Islamic Economics International Journal of Zakat | ISSN: 2548 2335 | Vol. 3 (1) 2018

Main Article Content

Mari Adachi


In Indonesia, zakat management was trying restructured in a top-down form based on the system followed in Malaysia and, in 1999, a related law was enacted. Although many previous studies have been conducted on zakat for its fundamental spiritual aspects and social roles, macroscopic research on its history of both theory and practice aspects is lacking. The transformation in the administrative reform of zakat, which focuses on not only the discourse of Islamic intellectuals but also the tone of the emerging Islamic economy and attitude of the management organization's practitioners and players, is important to understand the growth of Islam in Indonesia. This paper discusses how the zakat practice, which was an individual practice, expanded to include new objectives such as community development or financial inclusion without losing its original spiritual significance. Further, the paper clarifies how an institutionalized approach to zakat management helps in the development of new theoretical intervention areas and contributes to community development and empowerment, without compromising the original poverty alleviation programs.

Keywords: Zakat management, Indonesia, Islamic economics


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Adachi, M. (2018, May 25). Discourses of Institutionalization of Zakat Management System in Contemporary Indonesia: Effect of the Revitalization of Islamic Economics. International Journal of Zakat, 3(1), 25-35. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.37706/ijaz.v3i1.71


Alfitri. (2017). “My Zakat is My Money, Islamic Commercial Banks Responses to State Intervention in Zakat Administration in Indonesia” World Zakat Forum (WZF) International Conference Proceedings, pp. 99-112. [https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323252040].
Ariff, M., ed. (1991). Islam and the Economic Development of Southeast Asia: The Islamic Voluntary Sector in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Institution of Southeast Asian Studies.
Asutay, M. (2012). “Conceptualising and Locating the Social Failure of Islamic Finance: Aspirations of Islamic Moral Economy vs the Realities of Islamic Finance”, Asian and African Area Studies, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 93-113. [https://www.asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dl/publications/no_1102/AA112_02_Asutay.pdf].
Salim, A. (2008). Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Badan Amil Zakat Nasional. (2011). Himpunan Fatwa Zakat MUI: Kompilasi fatwa MUI tentang Masalah Zakat (Association of Fatwa Zakat MUI: Compilation of MUI fatwa on the issue of Zakat). Jakarta: BAZNAS.
Chapra, M. U. (1992). Islam and the Economic Challenge. Herndon: International Institute of Islamic Thought; Nairobi: KARO, The Islamic Foundation.
Chapra, M. U. 2001(1996). What is Islamic Economics? Jeddah: IRTI-IDB.
El-Din, A.K. (1986). 'Ten years of Islamic banking', Journal of Islamic Banking and Finance, vol. 3, no. 3:4966.
Fauzia, A. (2013). Faith and the State: A History of Islamic Philanthropy in Indonesia. Leiden: Brill.
Fukuda, S. (2000). “Gendaisekai no Doukou to Islam Saudi Arabia ni okeru zakat no choshu: Islam no zeisei to kokka zaisei (Trend of the Modern World and Islam Collection of Zakat in Saudi Arabia—Islamic Taxation and National Finance)”, Islam Sekai, vol. 55 no. 1, pp. 73-93.
Hafidhuddin, D. (2002). Zakat Dalam Perekonomian Modern (Zakat in the Modern Economy). Jakarta: Gema Insani.
Latief, H. (2012). Islamic Charities and Social Activism: Welfare, Dakwah and Politics in Indonesia. Utrecht: Utrecht University Press.
Latief, H. (2013). “The Politics of Benevolence: Political Patronage of Party-Based Charitable Organizations in Contemporary Indonesian Islam”, Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 337-363.
Kahf, M., ed. (2002). Economics of Zakat. Jeddah: IRTI-IDB.
Kuran, T. (1986). “The Economic System in Contemporary Islamic Thought: Interpretation and Assessment”, International Journal of Middle East Studies, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 135-164.
Malik, B. A. (2016). “Philanthropy in Practice: Role of Zakah in the Realization of Justice and Economic Growth”, International Journal of Zakah, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 64-77.
Masu‘udi, M. F. (1991). Agama keadilan: Risalah zakat (pajak) dalam Islam (The religion of justice: a treatise about zakat (tax) in Islam). Jakarta: P3M.
Mawdudi (Mawdūdī), A. A. 1975(1947). The Economic Problem of Man and Its Islamic Solution. Lahore: Islamic Publications (Originally published in Urdu).
Nagaoka, S. (2014). “Resuscitation of the Antique Economic System or Novel Sustainable System? Revitalization of the Traditional Islamic Economic Institutions (Waqf and Zakat) in the Postmodern Era”, Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 3-19 [https://repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2433/185839/1/I.A.S_007_003.pdf].
President Suharto(Soeharto). (1985). Amanat kenegaraan: kumpulan pidato kenegaraan di depan Sidang Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (Statement of the State: a collection of state speeches in front of the House of Representatives Assembly). Jakarta: Inti Idayu Press.
al-Qaraḍāwī, Y. (2009). Fiqh al zakāt (The Rules, Regulations and Philosophy of zakat in Islamic Jurisprudence). Beirut: Al-Risālah al’alamityah LTD.
Qutb, S. 2000 (1949). Social Justice in Islam. Oneonta, N.Y.: Islamic Publications International.
Rais, Amien Muhammad. (1987). Cakrawala Islam antara Cita dan Fakta (The Firmament of Islam between Ideals and Reality). Bandung: Mizan.
Retsikas, K. (2014). “Reconceptualising Zakat in Indonesia: Worship, Philanthropy and Rights”, Indonesia and the Malay World, vol. 42, no. 124, pp. 337-357 [https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13639811.2014.951519].
Sadeq, Abu al Hasan (1994). A Survey of the Institution of Zakah: Issues, Theories and Administration. Jeddah: IRTI-IDB.
Saidurrahman. (2013). “The Politics of Zakat Management in Indonesia: The Tension Between BAZ and LAZ”, Journal of Indonesian Islam, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 366-382 [https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/95481-EN-the-politics-of-zakat-management-in-indo.pdf].
Shehu U.R. Aliyu. (2017). “A Treatise on Socioeconomic Roles of Zakah”, MPRA Paper No. 81155 [https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/81155/].
Suharto (Soeharto). (1981). “Zakat Adalah Model Ummat Islam untuk Pembangunan dan Memerangi Kemelaratan dengan Cara-cara yang lebih Prinsipil, Sambutan Presiden pada Peringatan Isra’ Mi’raj tanggal 26 Oktober 1968 di Istana Merdeka (Zakat is The Model Of The Muslim Community for The Development and Eradicating Poverty with More Principle Methods, The President's Speech at Isra 'Mi'raj Memorial on 26 October 1968 at Istana Merdeka)”, Djohan Effendi et al. (eds.) in Agama dalam Pembangunan Nasional Himpunan Sambutan Presiden Soeharto (Religion in the National Development Association of President Suharto's Message). Jakarta: Pustaka Biru.
Abdullah, T. (1991). “Zakat Collection and Distribution in Indonesia”, in Ariff, M. (ed.), The Islamic Voluntary Sector in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Institution of Southeast Asian Studies.
Lessy, Z. (2009). “Zakat (Alms-Giving) Management in Indonesia: Whose Job Should It Be?”, La_Riba Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 106-119.